Quarterly Financial Accounts

The Quarterly Financial Accounts (QFA) present a complete and consistent set of quarterly financial data for all sectors of the Irish economy. They provide comprehensive information on the financial and investment activities of households, non-financial corporations, financial corporations, government and the rest of the world. The whom-to-whom tables provide information on the interactions between these sectors.

Key Points – Q2 2022

Publication date: 04 November 2022

  • Household net wealth grew by €9.2bn to reach €1,025bn in Q2 2022.
  • The rise in net wealth has been primarily driven by an increase in the value of housing assets, which reached another series high of €674bn, above its previous peak last quarter. However, this growth may not reflect the underlying experiences of all households, or the distribution of wealth.
  • Positive revaluations in housing assets offset a very large decrease in the value of households’ financial assets, which declined for the second consecutive quarter in Q2 2022.

Chart 1: Household Net WorthHousehold Net Worth

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Household net wealth rose by €9.2bn to stand at €1,025bn in Q2 2022 (Chart 1). However, it should be noted that this increase in aggregate household wealth does not capture distribution effects across the sector. Analyses based on novel Distributional Wealth Accounts (DWA) data provide new insights into how these wealth gains have been distributed across households in Ireland.

The rise in net wealth in Q2 2022 was primarily driven by an increase in the value of housing assets. Investment in new housing during the quarter was equal to €2.7bn, with revaluations of housing assets totalling €17bn. As a result, the total value of the households’ stock of housing reached a new all-time high of €674bn.

The increase in the value of housing property offset the largest quarterly negative revaluation of financial instruments held by Irish households ever recorded in the time series (€18.4bn). This adverse movement was primarily caused by downward revaluations of insurance and pension instruments totalling €17bn.

In Q2 2022, the level of quarterly financial investment also reached a series high of €7.3bn (Chart 2). This was mainly driven by an increase in currency and deposits held by households, accounting for €2.7bn of the quarterly variation, as well as other financial assets (including derivatives, stock options and trade receivables) and insurance and pension products.

However, given the larger negative revaluations of financial instruments, the overall value of households’ financial assets fell below €500bn for the first time in the last four quarters. Financial liabilities of households also decreased in the quarter, to stand at €143bn in Q2 2022.

Together, the above movements caused the financial net worth of Irish households to fall to €351bn. This figure now represents 34% of the total household net wealth – equal to €1,025bn – the remaining part accounted for by the value of housing assets.

Chart 2: Breakdown of Household Net Wealth, Q-on-Q changesHousehold Financial Assets by Counterpart Sector

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In Q2 2022, household savings decreased for the second consecutive quarter by €0.1bn (Chart 3). While disposable income rose for the second consecutive quarter, mainly due to growing wages across almost all sectors, price inflation contributed to increased spending by households in the period.

Chart 3: Household SavingsHousehold Savings

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Private sector debt rose by €21bn in the quarter to reach an overall value of €867bn, this follows an increase of €60bn over the previous three quarters (Chart 4). This increase was driven by growth in the stock of non-financial corporations’ debt by €23bn, while households’ debt declined by almost €2bn in the period.

Chart 4: Private Sector Debt-to-GDPPrivate Sector Debt to GDP

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Private sector debt in Ireland is significantly influenced by the presence of large multinational enterprises (MNEs) and restructuring by these entities has resulted in extremely large movements in Irish private sector debt, particularly from 2014 onwards. Private sector indebtedness forms part of the European Union (EU) Commission’s scoreboard of macroeconomic imbalances. The Commission sets an indicative threshold of 160 per cent of GDP for private sector debt sustainability. However, this threshold does not take account of the large MNEs sector in Ireland.

Chart 5: Government DebtGovernment Debt

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Government debt declined by €10bn in Q2 2022, reaching €239bn (Chart 5). This was driven by a reduction in long-term debt securities of €11bn, which offset the increase in short-term debt securities of €1bn.

Government financial assets increased to stand at a series high of €124bn, while total liabilities decreased to reach €271bn. These movements resulted in an improvement in the negative net financial wealth position of the Government from €158bn in Q1 2022, to €147bn in Q2 2022.Chart 5 also shows that Quarterly Government Debt (QGD), which is based on the Excessive Deficit Procedure (EDP) measure of debt, increased by €1.5bn in the period, to reach €237bn.

Chart 6: Net Lending/BorrowingNet Lending/Borrowing

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In Q2 2022, the domestic economy remained a net lender for the fifth consecutive quarter. Net lending totalled €21bn, declining from €23.5bn the previous quarter.

All sectors of the economy were net lenders in Q2 2022, with non-financial corporations being the largest contributors (€9bn) to the total figure. Unlike the financial and non-financial corporations sectors, both households and the Government recorded an increase in their net lending figure, by €0.5bn each, since Q1 2022. The Government became a net lender for the first time in over a decade, while Irish households have been net lenders continuously since 2009.




Quarterly Financial Accounts for Ireland Q2 2022 | pdf 1168 KB Chart Pack | xls 319 KB Whom-to-whom Tables Q1 2012 to present - ESA 2010 | xls 1162 KB Financial Accounts for Ireland Q1 2002 to Present - ESA 2010 | xls 2859 KB